Migrate, rollback or refresh for specific migration files in the Laravel framework.

Migrate, rollback or refresh for specific migration files in the Laravel framework.


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MigrateSpecific is a Laravel framework Artisan CLI extension command that helps you easily perform database migrations of specific migration files.


laravel/framework v5.7 or later.


Run command in your Laravel project root directory:

composer require caloskao/migrate-specific

Register command at app/Console/Kernel.php :

protected $commands = [

Now, run php artisan , you can see migrate:specific in the migrate section:

  migrate:fresh        Drop all tables and re-run all migrations
  migrate:install      Create the migration repository
  migrate:refresh      Reset and re-run all migrations
  migrate:reset        Rollback all database migrations
  migrate:rollback     Rollback the last database migration
  migrate:specific     Migrate, refresh, reset or rollback for specific migration files.
  migrate:status       Show the status of each migration


You can run php artisan help migrate:specific to check command usage:

  Migrate, rollback or refresh for specific migration files.

  migrate:specific [options] [--] [<files?*>]

  files?*                        File or directory path, support multiple file. (Sperate by space) [default: "database/migrations"]

      --database                 The database connection to use
  -f, --skip-foreign-key-checks  Set FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0 before migrate.
  -k, --keep-batch               Keep batch number. (Only works in refresh mode)
  -m, --mode[=MODE]              Set migrate execution mode, supported mode have: default, refresh [default: "default"]
  -y, --assume-yes               Automatically assumes "yes" to run commands in non-interactive mode. This option is automatically enabled if you use the option "-n" or "-q".
  -h, --help                     Display this help message
  -q, --quiet                    Do not output any message
  -V, --version                  Display this application version
      --ansi                     Force ANSI output
      --no-ansi                  Disable ANSI output
  -n, --no-interaction           Do not ask any interactive question
      --env[=ENV]                The environment the command should run under
  -v|vv|vvv, --verbose           Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug

Basic usage

Migrate single file or directory:

php artisan migrate:specific <path>

Migrate mutiple files:

php artisan migrate:specific <file 1> <file 2> <file 3> ...

Output is like below:

The following migration files will be migrated:

 Is this correct? (yes/no) [no]:
 > yes

Migrating: 2014_10_12_000000_create_users_table
Migrated:  2014_10_12_000000_create_users_table
Migrating: 2018_07_31_174401_create_jobs_table
Migrated:  2018_07_31_174401_create_jobs_table
Migrating: 2018_07_31_185911_create_failed_jobs_table
Migrated:  2018_07_31_185911_create_failed_jobs_table

Migrate mode

Use option -m or --mode to run migrate:refresh or migrate:rollback for specific migrations.

# Rollback mode
php artisan migrate:specific -m rollback <files>

# Refresh mode
php artisan migrate:specific -m refresh <files>

Keep batch in refresh mode

Use option -k or --keep-batch to keep migration batch.

Before migrate:

| Ran? | Migration | Batch |
| Yes | 2019_02_14_011711_create_password_resets_table | 1 |
| Yes | 2019_02_14_011711_create_users_table | 2 |

php artisan migrate:specific -m refresh -k database/migrations/2019_02_14_011711_create_password_resets_table.php

Run php artisan migrate:status after migrate, you can see the migration 2019_02_14_011711_create_password_resets_table batch number will not be changed.

Skip foreign key checks

If your pattern has foreign key constraints, sometimes you might get SQL error 1451:

Rolling back: 2019_02_14_011711_create_users_table
SQLSTATE[23000]: Integrity constraint violation: 1451 Cannot delete or update a parent row: a foreign key constraint fails (SQL: drop table `users`)

Use option -f of --skip-foreign-key-checks to execute database statement SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0 before migrate.

Note: A good practice is to rollback related foreign key migration at the same time, otherwise you may still get other errors, such as SQL Error 1091.

Rolling back: 2019_02_14_011711_create_users_table
SQLSTATE[42000]: Syntax error or access violation: 1091 Can't DROP FOREIGN KEY `fk_projects_users_1`; check that it exists (SQL: alter table `reports` drop foreign key `fk_projects_users_1`)

Using MigrateSpecific in non-interactive mode

Sometimes we need to perform a database migration many times, or we need to deploy it into an automated process. At this time, we can use the option -y to directly perform database migration without confirmation.

php artisan migrate:specific -y <files>


  • If you call the option -n or -q, MigrateSpecific will be automatically enable option -y.
  • If you are not using MigrateSpecific in the above situations, we recommend that you do not perform database migration in non-interactive mode to avoid accidental loss of data.


The Migrate Specific extension is open-sourced software licensed under the MIT license.


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